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Create RPM Build Environment

Overview

Create an RPM Build Environment for a unprivileged user account.

Warning! Building RPMs should NEVER be done as the root user. It should ALWAYS be done with an unprivileged user account. Building RPMs as root could cause potential damage to your system.

Prerequisites

Install the rpm-build package

sudo yum install rpm-build

Most SRPMs targeted to be rebuilt on CentOS also need certain rpmbuild build macros and helper scripts, which are contained in package: redhat-rpm-config. To get results as desired, you should also install it in the same fashion as noted above, substituting the new package name.

sudo yum install redhat-rpm-config

Building packages will require various compilers, install a few commons ones to get you started

sudo yum install gcc gcc-c++ make

Create directories for RPM building

Create RPM build directory structure in your home directory

mkdir -p ~/rpmbuild/{BUILD,RPMS,SOURCES,SPECS,SRPMS}

Create .rpm macros file under your home directory

echo '%_topdir %(echo $HOME)/rpmbuild' > ~/.rpmmacros

References

http://wiki.centos.org/HowTos/SetupRpmBuildEnvironment